||Modes of Design. Architecture as Cultural and Social Process
|University / Research institution
||Institut für Kunst und Gestaltung, Technische Universität Wien
||Architecture Theory, Participation, Design Process, Sociology of Technology, Expert-Layperson Communication, Cultural Studies
Subject of enquiry are design processes in housing, based on the constellation
planner-principal. In addition to these two positions, the user is another central
role in the process, either as a participant or as a conceptualization of him/her
by principal and planner. The architectonic design process can be analyzed as
a special case of artistic practice. The analysis will show that different kinds
of processes can be distinguished, what their specific qualities are and by what
elements these processes are formed. Based on case studies, a theoretical model
of design processes in its variations shall be constructed.
Scientific objectives are the analysis of modes of design processes in
housing, their specifications and elements and the development of a theoretical
model of design processes. Besides these objectives, research will focus on the
differences in the relations between principals and planners on one hand and users
on the other: Geographical, legal, social, gender and cultural factors will be
elaborated to work out the needs and interests of the involved people and how
these needs are observed in built results. According to the interventionist approach
of cultural studies, the project's ambition is the dissemination of the results
into the examined fields to achieve improvements in practice.
The project starts from a number of assumptions about the field: Planners,
principals and users all use specific strategies of action during the design process
to accomplish their positions. The notion of architectural quality differs between
principals, planners and users. The roles of the programmer and the designer can't
be strictly separated in the design situation. In many design processes, users
are not personally involved. That means they must be represented by planners and
principals. The imperfect interconnection between user necessities and design
processes is a basic problem of the innovation system of housing. The relations
between principals and planners on one hand and users on the other as well as
the observance of user needs differ massively depending on geographical region,
legal, social, gender and cultural differences.
The most important innovation of the project is the approach to see principals
and planners both as participants in the design process - this allows for recognizing
the respective stake in the process and for constructing a general theoretical
model to allocate typical forms of these stakes. As a cross-disciplinary analysis
with such an approach, the project is highly innovative.
The methodological reference of the project is grounded theory following
Glaser and Strauss. Inductive theory building by developing concepts and hypotheses
from the collected qualitative data is the center of interest. The chosen methodical
steps, especially focus group discussions, provide an insight into context and
coherence of social backgrounds and readings. They offer a way to generate meaning
and not least hypothesis. The content analysis will follow Bohnsack and his "rekonstruktive
Sozialforschung", an approach to generate theory directly from interview
and group discussion data.
||The content is not edited by the FWF, and the sole responsibility therefore lies with the author.