This video by the EU Commission explains the difference and shows examples of the often unexpected appearance of the gender dimension in different areas of science. Essentially: all research projects involving people or groups of people as the object of research exhibit sex and gender components. If people or groups of people are not the object of the research, the next question should be whether they would be affected by the results of the research in everyday life. If so, these projects might also have sex and gender components.
Researchers are requested to address this topic in their funding applications, even if they think the project does not contain such components. The first step towards integrating the sex and gender dimension is to familiarize oneself with the relevant concepts, their significance, and the underlying understanding. Please refer to the Checklist for applicants, the terms and definitions below, and further materials and information at the bottom of the page.